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Copyright Disclaimer

The materials included in the Obscure Histories website are original works of authorship, government records, works for which copyright permission has expired, works reprinted with permission, or works that we believe are within the fair use protection of the copyright laws. If any copyright owner objects to the use of any work appearing in these pages, please contact Obscure Histories and we will remove the work and review the propriety of including it.


This is an educational site with the broad aim of educating all who visit, and specifically to assist in teaching primary to college level students.  By continuing, you are acknowledging your understanding of this notice and your agreement to use these images accordingly and for educational purposes only.


Copyright and General Conditions of Use

Unless otherwise indicated, the copyright for all HTML sources is owned by Obscure Histories and is protected by the copyright laws of the United States and the Universal Copyright Convention.


The materials within Obscure Histories pages (including all texts, images, descriptions, etc.) are provided for the personal use of students, scholars, and the public. Any commercial use or publication of them without authorization is strictly prohibited. Unless otherwise noted, all materials are copyrighted and are not in the public domain.  Obscure Histories materials are offered "as is," with no guarantees of any sort.


Copying and Linking

Unauthorized copying of materials on the Obscure Histories’ web pages for storage and possible distribution elsewhere (including mirror sites) is not permitted.


Links to this material are encouraged. Those who do so are asked to consider citing Obscure Histories and creating a link to the main page. Obscure Histories adheres to this policy whenever possible.


Submitted Content

Submitted materials and messages you transmit to Obscure Histories - by electronic mail or otherwise - will be treated as non-confidential and non-proprietary.


In order to remain open to future technologies and uses, Obscure Histories only accepts submissions of content under the condition that you grant Obscure Histories the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive and fully sub-licensable license and right to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.


You also represent and warrant that submitted material has been properly attributed to its author or authors and is within the public domain or falls within "fair use" standards that will not infringe or violate the rights of any third party. You agree to indemnify and hold Obscure Histories harmless from any claims and expenses, including reasonable attorney's fees, arising out of any breach or alleged breach of the foregoing representations and warranties. For more information about copyright law, see the Library of Congress documents on copyright and fair use.



Instructors (primary, secondary, and at the collegiat level) are expressly given permission to reproduce print copies of Obscure Histories materials for their courses as long as Obscure Histories is credited. Please contact us with other copyright-related requests.


Citing This Website

To cite the entire website, use this form:

Rovang, Dana, Obscure Histories (2014). Retrieved (insert the date your retrieved the information here without parentheses) from


To cite a specific article on the website, use this form:

Author Last, First, “Article,” Obscure Histories (2014). Retrieved (insert the date your retrieved the information here without parentheses) from page without parentheses)



Rovang, Dana, “Cleopatra’s Very Expensive Dinner,” Obscure Histories (2014).  Retrieved 8/5/2014 from!cleopatras-expensive-dinner/c3m8


Thanks to the Digital History website for providing the template for this copyright page.

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